“Artificial Intelligence” Robotic Machine

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Artificial intelligence (AI), also machine intelligence, (MI) is apparently intelligent behavior by machines, rather than the Natural intelligence (NI) of humans and other animals. The use of technology have given tremendous and colossal rise to Artificial Intelligence.  AI research is defined as the study of “intelligent agents”. This term “artificial intelligence” is applied when a machine mimics “cognitive” functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as “learning” and “problem solving”.

Basically, many research findings have shown that “Artificial Intelligence is one of the great opportunities for improving the world today.” The specific applications range from self-driving cars, to medical diagnosis and precision personalized medicine, to many other areas of data, analysis, decision across industries, auto mobile technician, etc.

It’s hard to discuss technology innovation these days without running into the words Artificial Intelligence (AI). The key aspect that differentiates AI from more conventional programming is the word “intelligence.” Non-AI programs simply carry out a defined sequence of instructions. AI programs mimic some level of human intelligence. On the other hand, some programs have attained the performance levels of human experts and professionals in performing certain specific tasks, so that artificial intelligence in its limited sense is found in applications as diverse as medical diagnosis, computer search engines, and voice or handwriting recognition.

Artificial Intelligence are basically designed to think like humans. That is, it is built to act like humans, think and act rationally. Thus,  one  reason  to study  it  is  to  learn  more  about  ourselves which  are also  concerned  with  intelligence.  Another reason to study AI is that these constructed intelligent entities are interesting and useful in their own right.  AI has produced many significant and impressive products even at this early stage in its development.  Although no one can predict the future in detail, it is clear that computers with human-level intelligence (or better) would have a huge impact on our everyday lives and on the future course of civilization. AI addresses one of the ultimate puzzles.  How is it possible for a slow, tiny brain, whether biological or electronic, to perceive, understand, predict, and manipulate a world far larger and more complicated than itself? Think about how much time spends trying to find qualified leads. But if leads were generated automatically, individual could spend more time closing and working toward achieving goals. With all the excitement about AI that’s “just around the corner”- self driving cars, instant machine translation, etc. It can be difficult to see how AI is affecting the lives of regular people from moment to moment.

Robotics and artificial intelligence serve very different purposes. A lot of people wonder if robotics is a subset of artificial intelligence or if they are the same thing which are usually able to carry out a series of actions autonomously, or semi-autonomously. The robot is built to complete tasks which would otherwise require human intelligence such as Learning, perception, problem-solving, language-understanding and/or logical reasoning. Robots interact with the physical world through sensors and actuators. Robots are programmable, Robots are usually autonomous or semi-autonomous.

“Mr. Musk, who is deploying artificial intelligence based technologies in some of his products like the Tesla automobile, said that he had longstanding concerns about the possibility that artificial intelligence could be used to create machines that might turn on humanity. It objective was that Robots are built for, picking, moving, modifying the physical properties of object, or to have an effect thereby freeing manpower from doing repetitive functions without getting bored, distracted, or exhausted.”

The idea was that Robots are “usually” autonomous because some robots aren’t. Telerobots, for example, are entirely controlled by a human operator but telerobotics is still classed as a branch of robotics. This is one example where the definition of robotics is not very clear. AI involves some level of machine learning, where an algorithm is “trained” to respond to a particular input in a certain way by using known inputs and outputs. AI is used in many ways within the modern world. For example, AI algorithms are used in Google searches, Amazon’s recommendation engine and SatNav route finders, etc. Most AI programs are not used to control robots. Even when AI is used to control robots, the AI algorithms are only part of the larger robotic system, which also includes sensors, actuators and non-AI programming.

Artificially intelligent robots are the bridge between robotics and AI. These are robots which are controlled by AI programs. Robot could only be programmed to carry out a repetitive series of movements. Non-intelligent robots are quite limited in their functionality. AI algorithms are often necessary to allow the robot to perform more complex tasks.

In view, “Mr. Indrasen Poola. lucidly sets out myriad examples of how focused applications of versatile machines (coupled with human helpers where necessary) could displace or de-skill many jobs.” The invention and the response generated from the use of “artificial intelligence,” as a machine capable of performing any intellectual task that a human being can, and the focus was on building technologies that amp

lify task rather than to create machines that might replace or turn on human effort.

The argument in all this was that if Robots then will begin to replace workers in larger and larger numbers, and create a potential crisis if not handled correctly. “So we might as well assume it’s going to happen and make it work well with a massive social challenge.” The findings was that advancements in robotics will not only power the next industrial revolution but also create a massive opportunity for doing good and will improve the quality of human efforts in unprecedented ways.  Clearly, this shows that the time for denial is over and that robotic technology is fast at it rising.

As you can see, robotics and artificial intelligence are really two separate things. Robotics involves building robots whereas AI involves programming intelligence.  AI research is useful for understanding how natural intelligence works. For some roboticists, this insight is the ultimate goal of designing robots. Mr. Indrasen Poola, argued that “Artificial Intelligence is one of the great opportunities for improving the world today”. The use of robotic artificial intelligence have been able to improve research from self-driving cars, to medical diagnosis and precision personalized medicine in areas of data analysis, and in auto mobile. A number of robotics experts predict that robotic evolution will ultimately turn us into cyborgs-humans integrated with machines. Conceivably, people in the future could load their minds into a sturdy robot and live for thousands of years! Arguably, study also found that those who are already in jobs where they were more exposed to automation, were significantly more likely to keep their jobs.

In the coming decades, robots will gradually move out of the industrial and scientific worlds and into daily life, in the same way that computers. If the benefits of the new robotic technologies are to be broadly shared, there will have to be a big changes ahead. It has been examined and have been utilized so far in manufacturing, and millions of service jobs could be next, according to the Oxford report, etc.  Artificial intelligence (AI) could replace factory jobs as well as scientists, analysts and most knowledge workers. It’s interesting to see how technologies such as machines, artificial intelligent and automation integrated in our lives are at the rise in replacing human efforts.

AI is set to transform the future of our society – our life, our living environment and our economy. The following recommendations are relevant to research community, industry, government agencies and policy makers:  Robotics and AI are playing an increasingly important role in the economy and its future growth. We need to be prepared for the changes that they bring to our society and their impact on the workforce structure and a shift in the skills base. The government needs to tangibly support the workforce by adjusting their skills and business in creating opportunities based on new technologies. Training in digital skills and re-educating the existing workforce is essential to maintain the competitiveness. Sustained investment in robotics and AI is critical to ensure the future growth in technology. It is also critical to invest in and develop the younger generation to be robotics and AI know-how with a strong STEM foundation by making effective use of new technical skills.

Authors

Mr. Indrasen Poola is a Technology Specialist in AI currently researching and working in Silicon Valley ,California

https://www.linkedin.com/in/indrasenpoola/

Reference

  1. E. Virgillito, “Rise of the robots: technology and the threat of a jobless future,” Labor History, vol. 58, pp. 240-242, 2017.
  2. Mavridis, “A review of verbal and non-verbal human–robot interactive communication,” Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol. 63, pp. 22-35, 2015.

Ford, M. (2015). The Rise of Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future, 334 pp. Basic Books.